Portugal has been settled since the very earliest ages of civilization. In 29 BC, a lot of territory in Portugal was adopted by the Roman Empire by the name of the province of Lusitania. The early Roman settlers in Portugal during this time had a very strong impact on Portuguese culture, with a special impact on the language.
After the Roman Empire fell, it was occupied by Germanic tribes until around the 8th century, in which Muslim Moors occupied the Iberian Peninsula in their conquering of the local Christian Kingdoms.
Portugal was again settled during the Christian re-conquering as part ofGalicia. This kingdom was recognized in 1143, which makes it one of the very first European nation states.
Portugal went on to establish a global empire, with land possessions in the countries of South America, Asia, and Africa. It became one of the world's most powerful nations, both in terms of economics and military strength.
Today, Portugal is a very developed country, and ranks in at having the 19th highest quality of life of any countries in the world. It is the 14th most peaceful country in the world, and is also the 13th most globalized in terms of economy. Portugal was a founding member of the EFTA, and is now a member of the European Union.
The Capital of Portugal is Lisbon, which is also the largest city in the country. The official language is Portuguese, and its main currency is the Euro.
In terms of tourism, Portugal is one of the most popular countries in the world to visit, and it has a big impact on the economy in the country. Popular destinations within the country include the capital of Lisbon, the Algarve, and the Portuguese Islands. The country is known for its friendly people and laid-back atmosphere, making it a great place to visit!